Wednesday, September 9, 2015

Some Important Halacha Points for the Upcoming Yomim Tovim

By Rabbi Simcha Werner

Candle Lighting:
One should have enough new tea lights available, since it is questionable if you can clean out the wax on the second day of Yom Tov when you light candles. Also, one cannot melt the wax of a candle on Yom Tov to make it stick.  

When lighting candles on the second day of Yom Tov, be careful to take the flame from an existing flame.

Regarding the Lulav and Esrog:    
The Lulav and Esrog must belong to you both days. Therefore, just as you should not give them to a child (under Bar/Bas Mitzvah) on the first day (unless you hold the Lulav and Esrog with him so it does not become his), the same pertains on the second day.  

When all the adults in the household no longer need to use the Lulav and Esrog, i.e. everyone has already Benched the Lulav and Esrog on the second day, then you may give it to your child for use.

Very Important:   
Sukkah is one of three Mitzvos of the Torah, for which there is a Torah obligation to have the reason for Mitzvah in mind (Tefillin, and Tzitzis are the other two Mitzvos).  If one does not have it in mind, even though he is Yotze the Mitzvah, it is not being done properly. The full effect of the Mitzvah on the person will be missing.  

It is proper for the head of the house to explain this Kavanah to the people taking part in the Yom Tov meal.   

What should one have in mind before eating in the Sukkah ‐‐ especially the Challah on the first and second nights? One should have in mind the following concepts:   

“Hashem commanded us to make a Sukkah in order to remember the Clouds of Glory that surrounded us when He took us out of Egypt so that we remember His wonders and awesome actions.     

A person has to have in mind when he sits in the Sukkah, that he is sitting there in order to fulfill the Mitzvah of Hashem, that He commanded us to sit in a Sukkah, a remembrance that He took us out of Mitzrayim.”  This is a free translation of the Alter Rebbe’s words.  This Kavanah is a MUST.  

Drinking a Revi’is of Wine:
During the meal on Yom Tov, men over Bar Mitzvah should drink a Revi’is of wine for Simchas Yom Tov. On Chol Hamoed, during the day one must drink a Revi’is of wine.

Minimum Age for Sukkah:  
Boys who are not dependent on their mothers should eat in the Succah.  This is usually from age six, but it could be younger depending on the maturity of the child. 

Chol Hamoed:  
A common activity for Chol Hamoed is fruit picking. Keep in mind, one may only collect the fruit which will be used for Chol Hamoed or Yom Tov.

Rabbi Simcha Werner    
Office: 845‐356‐3850

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