Friday, April 5, 2013
Beis Iyar Farbrengen on Thursday Night
The Rebbe Maharash, the fourth Rebbe of Chabad-Lubavitch, Rabbi Shmuel Schneersohn, was born in the town of Lubavitch (White Russia) on the 2nd of Iyar of the year 5594 (1834).
His father, Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch (the 3rd Chabad Rebbe, known as the Tzemach Tzeddek) once remarked that Rabbi Shmuel's birthday, coinciding with the 17th day of the Omer Count, is defined by the Kabbalistic masters as Tifferet sheb'Tifferet ("Beauty of Beauty").
Although Rabbi Shmuel was the youngest of the Tzemach Tzedek's seven sons, he was chosen to succeed his father as Rebbe and leader of Chabad in the movement's capital, Lubavitch (four of his brothers established branches of Chabad Chassidism in other towns in White Russia and Ukraine).
In addition to leading his Chassidim, guiding and advising their spiritual and material lives and authoring many maamarim, the Rebbe Maharash raveled extensively throughout Europe, meeting with government and business leaders to exert pressure on the Czarist regime to halt its instigation of pogroms against the Jews of Russia.
The Rebbe Maharash passed away at age 48 on the 13th of Tishrei, 5643 (1882).